The Uppsala Protocol(Partial Version)



-The passage of history has recorded an increasing pace of change, such that the demand for energy has grown rapidly over the past 200 years since the Industrial Revolution.

-The required energy supply has come mainly from coal and petroleum formed rarely in finite quantities in the geological past, such resources being inevitably subject to depletion.

-All the major productive provinces had been identified with the the help of advanced technology and growing geological knowledge, it being now evident that discovery reached a peak in the 1960s.

-Oil is unevenly distributed on the planet for well understood geological reasons, with much being concentrated in five countries bordering the Persian Gulf.

-Oil provides 90% of transport fuel, essential to trade, and plays a critical role in agriculture, needed to feed an expanding population.

-The past peak of discovery inevitably leads to a corresponding peak in production during the first decade of the twenty-first century, assuming the extrapolation of past production trends and no radical decline in demand.

-It is expedient to plan an orderly transition to the new environment, making early provisions to reduce the waste of energy, stimulate the entry of substitute energies, and extend the life of the remaining oil.

-The onset of the decline of this critical resource affects all aspects of modern life, such having political an geopolitical implications.

-It is desirable to meet the challenges so arising in a co-operative manner, such to address related climate change concerns, economic and financial stability and the threats of conflicts for access to critical resources.